Department of Languages, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq
Abstract: The greatest feature that distinguishes a person living on Earth from other living things is undoubtedly the ability to communicate in very different ways. Human beings recognize and introduce themselves through language. According to (Aksan 2003) “language is a multi-faceted developed symbolic group that allows thoughts, feelings and aspirations to be transmitted to others by making use of items and rules common to voice and meaning in a society” (p. 11). People communicate in their own societies through their languages. When people living in different societies and when different settlements come together to communicate with each other, each community has become familiar and ordinary with a different language for another society. Thus, the need for people to learn a foreign language has emerged. The subject of this study is different orientations in foreign language teaching. The aim of the study is to explore the different language learning methods and method selection that need to be used in the target foreign language teaching of people who show differences even in their own common culture as well as the basic approaches used in foreign language education since the foreign language learning has become a necessity nowadays in the ever.
Keywords: Methods, Foreign Language Teaching Methods, Foreign Language Teaching
Download the PDF Document from here.
Aksan, D. (2003). Her yönüyle dil ana çizgileriyle dilbilim. I, II, III Cilt, TDK Yayınları.
Asher, J. J. (1966). The learning strategy of the total physical response: A review. Modern Language Journal, 50, 79-84.
Asher, J. J. (1969). The total physical response approach to second language learning. Modern Language Journal, 53, 3-17.
Bange, P., Carol R., & Peter Griggs, P. (2005). L’Apprentissage D’Une Langue Étrangère – Cognition et Interaction, L’harmattan.
Berard, E. (1991). L’Approche communicative. NY: CLE International Breach Science Publishers.
Coste D. (1995). Vingt ans dans l’évolution de la didactique des langues. Hatier/Didier
Cuq J. P. (2003). Dictionnaire didactique du français langue étrangère et seconde. CLE
Demircan, Ö. (2002). Yabancı dil öğretim yöntemleri. Der Yayınları.
Demirel, Ö. (1990). Yabancı dil öğretimi ilkeler yöntemler teknikler. USEM Yayınları
Demirel, Ö. (1993). Genel öğretim yöntemleri. USEM Yayınları.
Demirel, Ö. (2003). Yabancı dil öğretimi. Ankara: Pagem A Yayınları.
Demirel, Ö. (2003a). ELT methodology. Pegem A Yayınları.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1978). Language as social semiotic: the social interpretation of language and meaning. Sydney: Edward Arnold.
Işık, A. (2005). Bir yabancı dil nasıl öğrenilir. KHO Yayınları.
Larsen-Freeman, D., & Anderson, M. (2011). Techniques and principles in language teaching (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Lozanov, G. (1978). Suggestology and outlines of suggestopedy. New York: Gordon and Breach.
Lozanov, G. (1995). Suggestology and outlines of suggestology (Rev. ed.) (M.H. Pozharlieva & K. Pashmakove, Trans.). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Gordon and Breach Publishers.
Lozanov, G., & Gateva, E. (1988). The foreign language teacher’s Suggestopedic manual. Gordon and Breach Publishers.
Mart, C.T. (2013a). The Grammar-Translation Method and the use of translation to facilitate learning in ESL classes. Journal of Advances in English Language Teaching, 1(4), 103-105.
Mart, C.T. (2013b).The Direct-Method: A good start to teach oral language. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(11), 182-184.
Mart, C.T. (2018). From communicative competence to language development. International Journal of English Linguistics, 892), 163-167. Doi: 10.5539/ijel.v8n2p163
Michel, J. F. (2005). Les 7 Profils D’apprentissage-Pour Former Et Enseigner, Organisation Eds D
Murcia M.C. (1991). Grammar pedogogy in second and foreign language. TESOL Quarterly, 25(3), 459-480.
Naik, H. S. (2013). Content cum methodology of teaching English. Sapna Book House.
Oxford, R. (1989). The role of styles and strategies in second language learning. ERIC Digest. ERIC clearinghouse and linguistic Washington DC.
Richards, J. C., & Rodgers, T. S. (2001). Approaches and methods in language teaching: A description and analysis. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Richards, J. C., & Schmidt, R. (2002). Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics. London, England: Pearson Education.
Rivers, W. M. (1981). Teaching foreign-language skills. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Stern, H. H. (1983). Fundamental concepts of language teaching. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), March 2019, Vol.5, No.3