Authors: Abia Nazim & Ruhi Khalid
Abstract: Temperament is a significant variable which affects multiple dimensions of human functioning. Present research explored the relationship of personal variables with temperament in a sample of 105 children diagnosed with ID in Lahore, Pakistan. The sample included both girls (n = 46) and boys (n = 59) and mean age was 9.02 (sd = 2.02). Rothbart’s temperament questionnaires and Adaptive Behavior Scale were employed to assess temperament domains and adaptive functioning of participants. Intellectual functioning, adaptive functioning and clinically significant behavioral problems were studied as significant correlated of temperament. Gender differences were also explored across domains of temperament, surgency and negative affectivity revealed significant mean differences across gender. Intellectual functioning shared positive association with surgency and effortful control and inverse with negative affectivity. Behavioral problems shared positive association with negative affectivity and negative relationship with other two domains.
Keywords: Temperament, Intellectual Disability, Psychosocial Factors
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International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), December 2018, Vol.5, No.2