Ishik University, Faculty of Education, Erbil, Iraq
Abstract: In order to help students acquire more knowledge and improve their skills, it is vital to understand motivation. It is not possible to expect unmotivated students to achieve their goals. Motivation is an indispensable reason in fostering student achievement. It should be noted that motivation has the key role in establishing a platform in which learning is permanent. Both extrinsic and intrinsic motivations have the potential to encourage students to strive for learning. Although the use of external rewards in the classroom has been criticized for diminishing intrinsic motivation of students, quite many studies suggest that the implementation of external rewards has no detrimental influence on students. Intrinsic motivation on the other hand enables students to work independently and enthusiastically. This paper defines extrinsic and intrinsic motivations and puts forward some strategies to enhance motivation of students in the classroom.
Keywords: Extrinsic Motivation, Intrinsic Motivation, Achievement, Learning
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International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), September 2018, Vol.5, No.1