Abstract: This study aimed at analyzing the factors causing teachers and students to use code switching (CS) and the factors affecting language attitude of EFL learners in using CS in instruction. The participants of this study were 8 English teachers and 312 students of 12 Junior High Schools in Malang, Indonesia. This study used a mixed method. To collect the data, questionnaire and classroom observation were applied. Post hoc item analysis was employed to meet the requirement of validity and reliability. The factors causing the use of CS in EFL instruction were (a) involvement of the learner, (b) use of learner‘s language, (c) situation of the classroom, (d) weariness of teacher (e) expressing of teacher‘s anger. All these five factors gave a significant effect to the use of CS in EFL instruction. It was statistically significance (p < .01). The fifth factor, the use of the learners‘ language had dominant influence toward the use of CS in EFL instruction.
Keywords: Code-Switching, Language Teachers, English Instruction
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International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), March 2017, Vol.2, No.4